Understanding 3 Stages of Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s Disease

While every patient is different, when a person is diagnosed with Alzheimer’s Disease, they usually have experienced minor memory loss or mild cognitive impairment (MCI) during the early stage. This disease often goes undiagnosed, and in some cases misdiagnosed, for years before the symptoms become evident.

Some stages overlap. The changes in the brain that occur during the preclinical stages of Alzheimer’s Disease may be present but undetected for years or even decades before any noticeable symptoms occur. Often, by the time these changes appear, and the impairment becomes noticeable, the disease has progressed to the middle stage. Many times, the initial stages are either ignored or mistaken for depression or another illness.

Memory Loss

While the hippocampus is the part of the brain responsible for forming new memories and learning new information, it is often damaged in Alzheimer’s. This means that people with Alzheimer’s disease have a hard time remembering recent events and often repeat conversations. While hippocampus activity is important for recent or present memory retrieval, it is less important for long-term memories. Therefore, in the initial stages of the disease, a person may remember a past event perfectly despite having a damaged hippocampus.

The first indicator of Alzheimer’s disease is often semantic memory. A patient with the disease has a progressive decline in general knowledge that they once could recall easily. For instance, questions about celebrities and well-known logos are more difficult for them to answer. In later stages, they may also have difficulty identifying objects and animals. Some people with the disease can no longer identify familiar objects, but they may remember how they felt about an important event or relationship. Even if they don’t remember specific details, they may recognize certain objects or recall emotions from seeing a drawing or photograph.

Dementia

Dementia in Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive disorder in which a person loses cognitive abilities. Researchers studied this condition and the effect of executive function on the severity of dementia. Some studies even show that age can influence cognitive function. However, the current state of our knowledge of dementia is still limited.

The Stroop task and the Stroop color-word tests have been considered the gold standard for assessing impairment specifically in the prefrontal cortices of the brain. Researchers have used the Stroop method to determine the effect of both age and dementia on brain performance since the 1930s. Other studies have examined the role of negative priming, where subjects with Alzheimer’s tend to have more difficulty with the tasks. Studies on the effect of aging and dementia and memory performance have revealed that different types of dementia affect different components of memory and attention. For example, age-related differences in inhibitory functioning are found in the Stroop tests, meaning healthy elderly participants were more likely to take their time to comprehend the questions and answer correctly. Older people with mild Alzheimer’s disease suffer worse performance in the task.

Nursing Care Resources

For people who are caring for a loved one with Alzheimer’s disease, there are many nursing care resources for Alzheimer’s. Many of these resources will help the caregiver better understand the disease, teach them how to manage the disease, and provide additional support. In addition to providing information on specific conditions, they will provide practical information for long-term care communities. Take the time to learn about your local community resources and be well informed before you decide on a care facility or home nursing provider.

Medicaid is a state-funded program for the elderly and low-income families. Individuals with Alzheimer’s may qualify for Medicaid benefits, which will cover the cost of nursing home care. Each state administers Medicaid programs separately, and the benefits of caring for an individual with dementia may vary. This information can help you find out if Medicaid will cover the care your loved one needs.

Home Health Care – 3 Types of Angelic Help at Home

 

Home Health Care Services

Are you considering hiring a home health care aide?

Are you familiar with their duties and credentials? 

Learn more about home health aide services and the qualifications required for home care nursing.

Listed below are helpful resources and things to consider before hiring home health care. 

Home Health Care Aide Job Duties

Care services range from basic companionship to specialized medical and nursing services. For example, a patient who has recently been discharged from the hospital after an illness or surgery may require home visits from an RN (registered nurse), LPN (licensed practical nurse), or CNA (certified nurse aide). In some instances, a patient may need more specialized care such as physical therapy, speech therapy, pain and medication management, mental health counseling, or social services. Home health aides may help with other personal or medical needs, such as arranging to install safety and mobility equipment or checking medical devices to confirm they are working properly, or even helping to find a nutritious meal delivery service.

Three Types of Home Health Care

  1. Non-medical companionship and assistance
  2. Trained licensed nurses – (RN), LPN, or CNA
  3. Specialized medical professionals 

Whatever level of care is needed, the goal is to ensure that the client can stay in their own home and live as independently as possible. Non-medical home health aides help patients with activities of daily living (ADLs), such as eating, dressing, and bathing. Usually, the home health aide works at the client’s residence, but may also assist with trips outside the home. 

Non-Medical Home Health Aide Training and Certification

The role of a home health care aide is essential, although it does not require a medical degree or license. To work for a nurse registry, The Florida Agency of Healthcare Administration requires home health aides to complete an approved 40-hour HHA course. Once training is completed, the candidate registers with the state and takes the competency evaluation exam to obtain their certificate. To work for a Medicare agency, there is a 75-hour training program, exam, and certificate. 

Private Skilled Nursing Care at Home

Trained medical professionals provide personalized care to patients in the comfort of their own homes. 

Private Nursing Care At Home

Skilled medical care can range from short to long-term assistance. Long-term medical care might entail physical therapy or blood pressure monitoring. Short-term skilled nursing care is often intended to minimize the length of hospital stays following a major illness or surgery and may include wound care, or medication management. Most medical issues can be taken care of in-home.

Payment Options

Home health care services are often covered by Medicaid, private insurance plans, or long-term care insurance. Clients may choose to pay out-of-pocket for services that aren’t covered by their insurance. It is important to make sure that your provider accepts your coverage before hiring them. A home health agency may also accept payment from community organizations or government agencies. There are also government programs available such as VA benefits. Regardless of your funding source, Mazaltov Home Care can help you identify the best payment option for your care and may be able to recommend helpful resources.

How A Nurse Registry Can help

A nurse registry such as Mazaltov Home Care is an excellent way to find a qualified in-home caregiver. 

Home health aides, registered nurses, and other medical specialists are available to assist you with the care that is needed. Nurse registry services may include short or long-term assistance and respite care. 

A good nurse registry will take the time to fully understand your individual needs and match you with the best possible care providers. You can meet and interview prospective providers, and it is always the client’s choice who they feel comfortable hiring. 

The nurse registry staff has vast knowledge and expertise that may include resources with government and community agencies. Further, they may offer assistance and recommendations to help make the home safer and more convenient. 

A nurse registry can provide continuity of care, coordinating with your physician and other caregivers and family. They can also help with a transition between health care settings. 

The nurse registry team will monitor your condition closely and help determine how much support is needed from a caregiver. Using a nurse registry can help you avoid the hassle of having to go through the process alone. 

Once a care plan is agreed upon, the nurse registry will match you with a caregiver that will perfectly meet your family’s needs. You can be assured that the nurse registry has carefully checked caregiver credentials, conducted background checks, and evaluated their qualifications before introducing them to you or your loved one. These thorough assessments, make it much easier to find a competent, dependable, and skilled care provider. Further, they function as a go-between in case you have any complaints or concerns.

After a successful placement, you can begin to enjoy the benefits of having your care provider come to your home.

5 Signs That Your Dad Needs 24-Hour Home Care

Your dad’s need for home care services doesn’t meet a 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. world.

He has a chronic health condition or another reason that he shouldn’t be alone at any hour. Because of this, he needs home care at odd hours of the night and early morning. This is where caregivers come in.

Instead of having caregivers available during the day and being alone all night, your dad has caregivers with him all day and night. How do you know if this is right for him?

You Worry About Him Being Alone

Your dad has diabetes or another chronic health condition. You worry about him feeling ill in the middle of the night and having no one around. With caregivers available throughout the night, you don’t have to worry.

He Wanders

Your dad has dementia, and he’s starting to wander. He often wakes up in the middle of the night and tries to go outside for a walk. You have alarms set and wake up, but it’s leading to sleep deprivation. You’re exhausted and need sleep.

Hire caregivers and have them keep your dad inside. He’ll have caregivers working in shifts to ensure he doesn’t try to go outside.

He Takes Medications That Require Him to Wake Up and Take a Dose

Your dad takes several medications each day. One of his prescriptions requires him to take a dose in the middle of the night. The problem is that he often sleeps through an alarm.

He could have caregivers wake him up and make sure he takes the dose on time. When he’s done taking the pill and sipping some water, he goes back to sleep without having to get up.

He’s Weak and Prone to Falling

Your dad has a health issue that makes him weak. He’s fallen while trying to get to the bathroom at night. With caregivers in the house during the night, he has someone to lean on when he wakes up and needs to use the toilet.

Home Care: He Is Scared of Being Alone

Your dad may not have any specific reasons for home care services throughout the day and night. He may simply fear being alone during the night. If he would be more comfortable having companionship services at night because he doesn’t sleep well, arrange 24-hour home care.

Once you know what care services your dad needs, call a home care agency. Arrange 24-hour home care and know that he’s never alone, no matter what time it is.

If you or an aging loved one are considering hiring Home Care in Boynton Beach, FL, or the surrounding areas, please give us a call at (561) 465-5920

Tips to Help Seniors Suffering From Psoriasis

If you have a senior struggling with Psoriasis, it can be challenging to deal with.

Even a parent with a senior home care provider may need extra help from the doctors. Psoriasis is common and can irritate the skin in various ways. National World Psoriasis Day on October 29th aims to highlight and show others how Psoriasis really affects someone. There is no cure for psoriasis, however, there are things that can help relieve the symptoms. It may be time to learn more about it. This knowledge will allow you to help the seniors in need.

In your local area, there may be specific events, but if not, there may be online events where you can learn about Psoriasis. Senior home care can help your parents live better and remind them to bathe, eat, sleep, and keep their routines healthy. A caregiver may help a senior go to and from doctor appointments for their Psoriasis and even help bathe the seniors if necessary. Having a senior home care provider should not be overlooked if your parent is struggling with Psoriasis.

As of right now, Psoriasis cannot be treated and can be really irritating for a senior to struggle with. There are more than three million US cases every year, making it a common problem to deal with. This disease can last for years or be a lifelong problem. There are some treatment methods, but it may be uncomfortable for a senior.


What Are Symptoms of Psoriasis?


Lab testing and imaging are usually never required when diagnosing Psoriasis. Most doctors can identify this disease based on a set of symptoms a senior has. It will be important for a senior home care provider to take note of these symptoms, and if they get worse, they should encourage the senior to see the doctor. Keep in mind, that these symptoms can vary by case.

  • Red areas of skin with silver scales
  • Small scaly spots
  • Dry or cracked skin
  • Dry skin that bleeds
  • Itching or soreness
  • Ridged nails
  • Swollen joints
  • Stiff Joints

If your parent has never had Psoriasis before, but you or the senior home care provider starts noticing these symptoms, it’s time to go to the doctor. Sometimes cases can clear up and get better; other times, it can be a lifelong disease. A caregiver can help provide transport to the doctor and even help a senior keep more hygienic, but they will not be allowed to touch any medication for the senior.


Home Care: How to Help With Psoriasis?


You can help relieve some of the pain, or a senior home care provider can assist with some basic activities that will greatly impact the comfort of the senior. Learning all you can about this disease will help you take care of a parent or recommend ideas for the senior home care provider.

Ensure the senior is taking baths daily and even adding a few drops of soothing tea tree oil during the shower can help with inflammation and itching scales. A home care provider can help the senior stay moisturized, which will help with dry skin, and lastly, maintaining a healthy lifestyle can help a senior fight Psoriasis.

If you or an aging loved one are considering hiring Home Care in Delray Beach, FL, or the surrounding areas, please give us a call at (561) 465-5920

Sources:
https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/psoriasis/symptoms-causes/syc-20355840

Home Health Care: Best Exercises for Seniors to Improve Concentration


Home Health Care: There are many things that can impact a person’s concentration – Simple exercises for seniors can help!

Some of the most common things that can affect concentration include stress, relationship issues, and aging. If you are caring for your elderly loved one, you might notice they are experiencing concentration problems and memory loss. If this is happening, there are exercises for seniors that have been known to help improve concentration. You and home health care providers can encourage your elderly loved one to do these exercises.


Walking


Research shows that walking is one of the best exercises for seniors, especially for those who are having issues concentrating. Your elderly loved one may not be able to go on a long walk, to begin with. However, if they start at 5 to 10 minutes, in time they should be able to work to a longer walk.

It is also important for family caregivers and home care assistance providers to consider the weather. When having your elderly loved one walk outdoors, make sure they have plenty of water if it is hot outside. The walks on those days should be kept shorter, as well. If the weather is cold or if there is snow or ice out, make sure your elderly loved one has the appropriate shoes on.

If you are concerned that your elderly loved one might fall when walking, you can hire elder care providers to walk with them.


Swimming


Swimming is another of the best all-around exercises for seniors. Is your elderly loved one having issues concentrating? If so, research shows that swimming can improve their energy levels, focus, and mood.

There are many places that offer swimming such as community centers, senior citizen centers, hotels, and parks. If you need someone to drive your elderly loved one to these places, don’t hesitate to hire elderly care providers.


Sports


There are many great sports that can help to improve concentration. Some of the best options include racquetball, squash, and tennis. Most of the time, these sports can be played indoors, so your elderly loved one can stay cool, as well.


The good thing about these sports is that they encourage friendly competition while allowing people to socialize. If your elderly loved one does these sports regularly, even once or twice a week, they should help to put their concentration back on track.


Exercises for Seniors – Conclusion


Is your elderly loved one struggling to concentrate? If so, research shows there are many exercises for seniors that can help to boost their concentration. The exercises above are great ideas to start off with. There are also senior center fitness programs, online exercise programs, and online videos your elderly loved one can use to exercise. If you and home health care assistance providers can get your elderly loved one to do these exercises regularly, it should help to improve their concentration and prevent any future issues with concentration, as well.

If you or an aging loved one are considering hiring Home Health Care in Lantana, FL, or the surrounding areas, please give us a call at (561) 465-5920

Sources
https://www.health.harvard.edu/
https://www.health.harvard.edu/

Tips for Family Caregivers Who Worry They’re Burning Out

You’ve helped your mom and dad for years, and you’ve started to realize it’s too much.

Family caregivers’ burnout is a serious situation that you cannot ignore. If you don’t practice self-care, you may find yourself experiencing anxiety and depression. When you give others so much of your time that you ignore your mental and physical health, it’s time to make some changes, and home care might be the best option.

Ask the Family to Chip In

You’re working all week, and you spend your weekends taking your parents to stores, helping them put away the items they buy, and preparing their meals for the week. You’ve had no time for yourself all weekend, and you have laundry and housework waiting for you at your house.

It’s time to talk to other family members. If they’re not chipping in, they need to. Even family members who live in different states can help by ordering groceries online for delivery, paying bills online, or arranging to have your parents visit them every few months. While your parents are away, you’ll get a break.

Plan Regular Days Off

Many family caregivers balance full-time or part-time jobs with their parents’ care needs. If that describes your situation, you need to stop and ask yourself when you last took a day off. If it’s been months or years, it’s time to change.

You need a day or two each week where you have the day to yourself. You don’t have to cook meals for others, clean the house, or run errands. Go out with friends, stay in bed until you’re ready to get up, or curl up with a book and ignore everything.

Take a Vacation

Sometimes, it helps to get away. Book a mountain cabin, bring some books or items for your favorite hobby and disconnect for a long weekend. If you love to fish, bring a fishing pole and spend your time fishing. If you enjoy photography, bring your camera.

The mountain may not appeal to you. That’s fine. Pick the location that’s soothing and appeals to you. It could be a beach getaway, a vacation in a big city, or an island retreat. Whatever makes you feel at peace is most important.

Home Care: Bring In Outside Help

It’s time to consider outside help like home care. If you’re burning out and close friends and family can’t take over some of your duties, a professional caregiver is an excellent option. They come when needed to do everything from preparing meals to completing housekeeping tasks.

Call a personal care home agency. Learn more about the services available for your mom or dad. You don’t have to stop being the family caregiver, but you need to plan days off to take care of yourself. Personal care at home is easy to schedule and will improve your well-being.

If you or an aging loved one are considering hiring Home Care Services in Jupiter, FL, or the surrounding areas, please give us a call at (561) 465-5920

Home Care: Questions to Ask Before Hiring a Senior Care Aide

Home Care: Your mom and dad are having a more challenging time at home.

They don’t want to move, but housework, laundry, meals, and grocery shopping are difficult for them to do independently. Have you thought about home care services?

It’s an excellent time to sit down and talk to your family. Find out what would make them feel more comfortable as they age at home. Once you know, you can come up with a list of questions to ask a senior care specialist. Don’t forget these important questions.

What Background Checks Are Completed?

Find out how the senior care agency does background checks. Are they on a federal or state level? Do they do drug tests? If so, find out if the drug tests are performed randomly or with a warning. That may make a difference when it comes to the results.

What Services Are Offered?

What home care services are available in your parents’ town? Do they have the services they need? If their needs change, are the services easily adjusted, or does it take time to make new arrangements?

Is the Agency and Its Caregivers Insured?

Verify that the agency you’ve selected has insurance. For example, if something happens in your parents’ home, such as your mom pushes the caregiver away, will your insurance have to cover any injuries the caregiver receives?

What Measures Are In Place to Prevent the Spread of Disease?

With COVID-19, a new worry came to mind with senior care services. What precautions are taken to prevent diseases from spreading? If the caregiver wakes up and doesn’t feel good, does another caregiver come to your parents’ house, or should you plan to take a day off to help out?

Are caregivers vaccinated against diseases like the flu, hepatitis, and COVID-19? Are your parents? If your parents are ill when the caregiver is scheduled, will your parents wear a mask to help keep the caregiver safe? Is it required?

How Much Does Senior Care Cost?

You have to get information on prices. Your parents need to be able to afford it. Once you know the rates, you’ll be able to go over their budget. Figure out how much care they can afford each day or week and go from there. Long-term care insurance, Medicaid, and some veteran’s benefits may be helpful if your parents qualify.

Now that you have your list of questions, call a local senior care agency and ask to speak to a specialist. Learn more about prices and services that help your parents remain independent in their homes. With home care, they have all the help they need with meals, personal care, transportation, and housekeeping.

If you or an aging loved-one are considering hiring Senior Care in Lake Worth, FL, or the surrounding areas, please give us a call at (561) 465-5920