Understanding 3 Stages of Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s Disease

While every patient is different, when a person is diagnosed with Alzheimer’s Disease, they usually have experienced minor memory loss or mild cognitive impairment (MCI) during the early stage. This disease often goes undiagnosed, and in some cases misdiagnosed, for years before the symptoms become evident.

Some stages overlap. The changes in the brain that occur during the preclinical stages of Alzheimer’s Disease may be present but undetected for years or even decades before any noticeable symptoms occur. Often, by the time these changes appear, and the impairment becomes noticeable, the disease has progressed to the middle stage. Many times, the initial stages are either ignored or mistaken for depression or another illness.

Memory Loss

While the hippocampus is the part of the brain responsible for forming new memories and learning new information, it is often damaged in Alzheimer’s. This means that people with Alzheimer’s disease have a hard time remembering recent events and often repeat conversations. While hippocampus activity is important for recent or present memory retrieval, it is less important for long-term memories. Therefore, in the initial stages of the disease, a person may remember a past event perfectly despite having a damaged hippocampus.

The first indicator of Alzheimer’s disease is often semantic memory. A patient with the disease has a progressive decline in general knowledge that they once could recall easily. For instance, questions about celebrities and well-known logos are more difficult for them to answer. In later stages, they may also have difficulty identifying objects and animals. Some people with the disease can no longer identify familiar objects, but they may remember how they felt about an important event or relationship. Even if they don’t remember specific details, they may recognize certain objects or recall emotions from seeing a drawing or photograph.


Dementia in Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive disorder in which a person loses cognitive abilities. Researchers studied this condition and the effect of executive function on the severity of dementia. Some studies even show that age can influence cognitive function. However, the current state of our knowledge of dementia is still limited.

The Stroop task and the Stroop color-word tests have been considered the gold standard for assessing impairment specifically in the prefrontal cortices of the brain. Researchers have used the Stroop method to determine the effect of both age and dementia on brain performance since the 1930s. Other studies have examined the role of negative priming, where subjects with Alzheimer’s tend to have more difficulty with the tasks. Studies on the effect of aging and dementia and memory performance have revealed that different types of dementia affect different components of memory and attention. For example, age-related differences in inhibitory functioning are found in the Stroop tests, meaning healthy elderly participants were more likely to take their time to comprehend the questions and answer correctly. Older people with mild Alzheimer’s disease suffer worse performance in the task.

Nursing Care Resources

For people who are caring for a loved one with Alzheimer’s disease, there are many nursing care resources for Alzheimer’s. Many of these resources will help the caregiver better understand the disease, teach them how to manage the disease, and provide additional support. In addition to providing information on specific conditions, they will provide practical information for long-term care communities. Take the time to learn about your local community resources and be well informed before you decide on a care facility or home nursing provider.

Medicaid is a state-funded program for the elderly and low-income families. Individuals with Alzheimer’s may qualify for Medicaid benefits, which will cover the cost of nursing home care. Each state administers Medicaid programs separately, and the benefits of caring for an individual with dementia may vary. This information can help you find out if Medicaid will cover the care your loved one needs.

Senior Health: Top Unhealthy Foods Associated with Diabetes

Senior Health: Research shows that many people who have diabetes eat unhealthily most of the time

If your elderly loved one has diabetes, there are some foods they likely eat, that they should limit or quit eating altogether.

Before reading about these foods, it is helpful to know that your elderly loved one may have a difficult time avoiding or not eating these foods. You or home care providers may need to help them replace these unhealthy foods with healthier ones to ensure better senior health.

Ice Cream

One of the foods that are commonly associated with diabetes is ice cream. Having ice cream every once in a while isn’t usually a problem. To prevent diabetes, it is important for your elderly loved one to have ice cream on special occasions, or at least not very often. If your elderly loved one already has diabetes, they may want to eliminate ice cream from their diet. They can also choose the healthier forms of ice cream when they want to eat it.

Red or Processed Meats

Red or processed meats are also associated with diabetes. Research shows that these meats have high levels of nitrites, salt, and fat. These things cause blood pressure to increase. They also increase the risk of weight gain and heart health problems. If your elderly loved one is currently eating a lot of red or processed meats, you and their home care providers should encourage them to limit or quit eating these. They can replace them with lean meats or seafood.

Sweet Foods

There are many sweet foods that are commonly associated with diabetes, as well. Some of these foods include sweet cereals, candy, cakes, and soda. These foods and drinks have artificial sweeteners, saccharin, and other ingredients that cause havoc on a person’s gut. If your elderly loved one eats a lot of sweet foods, you and home care providers should encourage them to replace some or all of their sweets with healthier options. For example, if your elderly loved one eats a lot of candy, you should have them replace some or all of it with sweet-tasting fruit.

Senior Health: Conclusion

There are many foods that are commonly associated with diabetes. If your elderly loved one eats a lot of the foods mentioned above, you and home care providers should encourage them to limit or stop eating them altogether. This can take some time. However, if your elderly loved one starts making small changes or replaces just one food at a time, that can help a great deal for good senior health.

If you or an aging loved one are considering hiring Senior Care in Boca Raton, FL, or the surrounding areas, please give us a call at (561) 465-5920


Pneumonia: Five Tips for Caring for a Senior with Pneumonia

Pneumonia is a lot more common for older adults than they often realize.

That’s even more true if your senior has other lung health issues, like asthma or COPD. Here’s what you can do if your senior has pneumonia.

Make Sure You Understand Her Doctor’s Recommendations

If your elderly family member is lucky enough to avoid the hospital during her bout with pneumonia, you and she need to fully understand her doctor’s recommendations. Your senior may have been prescribed antibiotics and other medications to help her to recover. Following the plan is going to make sure that she heals as quickly as possible.

Encourage Your Senior to Rest

Resting as much as possible is key to your senior being able to recover. If she tries to push too hard or do too much, she can very easily relapse. Resting can be difficult, though, especially if your elderly family member is used to doing a lot for herself. You might find that you need to talk to her about where her limits are until she’s better.

Encourage Plenty of Fluids

Part of recovering from pneumonia involves getting all of the fluid out of your senior’s lungs so that it doesn’t hang out there and become reinfected. Drinking and eating plenty of fluids can help your senior to keep her mucus thinner so that it’s easier to cough up that mucus. If her coughs aren’t productive, your senior’s doctor may recommend breathing treatments or other treatments to help her to expel fluid.

Pay Attention to Hygiene

When your elderly family member is recovering from pneumonia, it’s way too easy for her immune system to get hit by another wave of germs. It’s especially important as she recovers to pay close attention to hygiene. Hand washing, in particular, can help to avoid spreading germs to your elderly family member that could result in another round of pneumonia.

Pneumonia: Get Some Extra Help if Necessary

Even if your elderly family member isn’t in the hospital, helping her to recover from pneumonia can be a full-time job. With other responsibilities, you might feel as if you’re being run ragged as her family caregiver. It can help a lot to bring in-home care providers to assist with meal preparation and other tasks so that your senior can recover and you can get some breathing room, too.

Sticking with your senior’s care plan can help to make sure that her round of pneumonia doesn’t last any longer than it has to.

If you or an aging loved-one are considering hiring Homecare in Bethany Beach, FL, or the surrounding areas, please give us a call at (561) 465-5920

Does Your Elderly Loved One Suffer Memory Loss?

Memory Loss: Having an elderly loved one who is experiencing memory loss can cause some serious concerns.

If you are like many other family caregivers, your first might be dementia or another loss of memory disorder. However, it could be that your elderly loved one just has age-related memory loss. There are some things that you may want to learn about age-related memory loss, so you can help determine if this is what is going on with your elderly loved one.

Not Completing Tasks as They Usually Do but Can Still Get Them Done

One of the most common signs that someone is experiencing age-related loss of memory is that they aren’t completing tasks as they usually do. For example, your elderly loved one might not be able to get the dishes done as quickly or make a meal as well as they used to. In regard to the meal, your elderly loved one might forget which ingredients to use, but remember in a bit.

Sometimes Forgetting Memories but Not Entire Situations

With age-related memory loss, your elderly loved one might forget memories. They may forget what happened at their high school graduation, even though they have retold the story many times before. Your elderly loved one may forget specific details of their wedding, only to forget some of those details now. However, if your elderly loved one isn’t forgetting everything about these situations, it is likely age-related loss of memory and not dementia.

Forgetting to Call Someone or Forgetting to Attend an Appointment

Your elderly loved one might have forgotten to call you, even though they usually call you on the same day at the same time every week. In addition, your elderly loved one might forget to go to one of their appointments. As long as this isn’t happening all the time, it probably isn’t a sign of dementia. These things could have just been mishaps. As a person gets older, it is normal to forget things from time to time.

Using the Wrong Name for Someone They Know

If your elderly loved one uses the wrong name for someone they know, this could be due to age-related memory loss. It could just mean that they are tired and forgetful that day. If your elderly loved one isn’t doing this all the time or to multiple people, it is likely not a degenerative loss of memory disorder.

Memory Loss: Conclusion

These are some of the signs that your elderly loved one has age-related loss of memory and not dementia. However, if you are worried about your elderly loved ones taking care of themselves, it might be a good idea to hire caregivers to spend time with them. At least then, you won’t have to worry about them quite as much.

If you or an aging loved one are considering hiring Elderly Care in Boynton Beach FL, or the surrounding areas, please give us a call at (561) 465-5920


Self Care: Four Signs Your Senior Is Having Trouble with Self Care

Self Care: When your elderly family member can’t keep up with caring for herself as she has in the past, she may worry that this is going to bring changes in her life that she doesn’t want. That can be enough to keep her from sharing what’s happening with you.

She’s Confused about Daily Tasks

Most of the tasks that your senior does on a daily basis are likely to be ones she’s handled on her own many times before. If she’s suddenly more confused about these tasks or if she’s having trouble with any of them, that could be a sign that she needs some more help. It may be time to talk to her about memory issues or about what other things are becoming difficult for her.

She’s Having a Tough Time Keeping up with Her Home

Your elderly family member might have a difficult time keeping up with household tasks for a variety of reasons. She might be depressed or even forget that she needs to keep her home clean and safe. But it’s also possible that health issues, including pain and mobility challenges, are keeping her from being able to take care of these tasks on her own.

She’s Not Able to Drive Any Longer

If she’s avoiding driving, that might be another sign of trouble. Talk to your elderly family member about whether driving is scary for her or if she’s experiencing close calls when she does drive. She may limit her own driving to daytime hours only, for instance, or stop going anywhere at all. This isn’t sustainable, because there are times that she does need to go places.

Self Care: Her Hygiene Habits Have Changed

The trouble with bathing, changing clothes, and other personal care tasks might be issues that your senior can hide for a little while. Eventually, though, you might notice that she doesn’t seem to be bathing or that she’s always wearing new clothes rather than doing laundry. It’s important to dig a little deeper into what’s going on with those issues so that you can offer help where needed.

If you do determine that your elderly family member is having trouble with more and more of her daily life and self care, there are options. Hiring elderly care providers to give her a helping hand makes her life easier and can even help her to get the rest that she needs. It can be empowering for her to have help when she needs it.

If you or an aging loved-one are considering hiring Elderly Care in Boynton Beach FL, or the surrounding areas, please give us a call at (561) 465-5920

Could Low Vision Be Causing Problems for Your Senior?

Low vision is a specific type of vision issue that your elderly family member might start to experience. It can be subtle at first, getting gradually worse until she realizes that there’s something going on with her vision. Your senior’s eye doctor can give her the specifics about how it is affecting her, so if she hasn’t had an eye appointment in a while, now is the time to set up a visit.

Low Vision
: Definition…

It is a type of vision loss that isn’t correctable with glasses or surgery. People who experience this condition find that they have trouble seeing things in the center of their vision or that they lose peripheral vision. Night blindness can also be a part of this condition as well. Your senior might also experience hazy or blurry vision as a symptom.

What Does It Affect?

It affects every area of your senior’s life. Gradually she may find it difficult to do things like watching television, reading, engaging in crafting activities, playing games, and even driving. Your senior may worry that she’s going to lose her independence and other important aspects of her life in this battle with her vision.


Aging doesn’t cause vision troubles, but older adults are more likely to experience this condition because so many of the health issues that contribute to it occur in aging adults. Conditions like cataracts, glaucoma, and macular degeneration can all contribute to it, but there are many other causes, too. If your senior is able to treat or to reverse some of these health issues, some of her vision troubles may improve, but there’s no guarantee.


Your senior’s eye doctor may be able to help her to find some solutions that help at least a little bit with h. Increasing lighting can be a big help, as can treating any underlying conditions that contribute to this condition. Something else that can help quite a bit is to have some extra help. Senior care providers can handle tasks that have become too difficult for your elderly family member to take care of with her vision issues.

It can be frustrating for your elderly family member. Some of her favorite activities might have become so difficult that she can no longer do them, which can cause her to experience emotions that are tough to manage. Therapy can help, if your senior is open to it.

If you or an aging loved-one are considering hiring a Senior Care in Jupiter, FL, or the surrounding areas, please give us a call at (561) 465-5920

Quality Of Life: Tips for Improving Your Dad’s Quality of Life

Quality Of Life: By definition, qualify of life is the level to which a person is healthy, happy, and enjoying daily life events.

It usually covers financial, social, personal safety, mental, physical, and mental health.

Most people don’t stop and think about their quality of life. When your parent has a chronic health condition, it can be used to help make decisions relating to care plans. If your dad is struggling to maintain the qualify of life he desires, it’s time to bring home care services into the picture.

Take a Closer Look at Your Dad’s Competencies

What is your dad able to do on his own? What can’t he get done? Due to his recent diagnosis, he needs to start taking blood pressure medications each morning but he keeps forgetting. Medication reminders are now vital to his health.

Your dad fell and broke his arm. He’ll be fine in a few weeks, but for now, his safety and comfort are impacted. He needs someone to help him around the home. Once he’s healed, his care needs will change. With home care, it’s easy to increase and decrease the services he receives.

Your dad is fully competent to care for himself, but he’s lonely. That’s impacting his emotional and mental health. Companionship services are ideal in this situation.

Think about the services that will most help your dad with his quality of life. You might even consider how home care will help the rest of the family. If you, your brothers, and your sisters are having a hard time finding the hours needed to care for your dad, professional caregivers are the best solution.

Hold Family Meetings to Address His Needs

Sit down with your dad and ask him for input. He must have the final say in any care plan that’s created. Ask him about the things he struggles with and what he feels he does well. What would improve his quality of life?

You may be surprised by how much he is still doing on his own. Build a care plan from there and then call a specialist in home care services. He’ll have the support he needs to remain independent and enjoy the quality of life he’s used to.

While you’re taking care of your families, household responsibilities, and job duties, your dad has the quality of life care he needs. Caregivers can do the housework, laundry, and meal preparation tasks. When you have time to visit, it will be for fun and not to get things done for him.

If you or an aging loved-one are considering hiring a Senior Care in Palm Beach, FL, or the surrounding areas, please give us a call at (561) 465-5920